For example, the chart above (Euro vs. U.S. Dollar) shows how the exchange rate between Euros and US dollars has fluctuated over time. Forex is the business of conversion, and since you are always comparing the value of one currency to another, forex isalwaysquoted fxchoice review in pairs. However, no matter your trading method, you’ll need to know how to read a forex chart – there’s no escaping it. Luckily, we created this detailed guide to help you get started. Traders buy currency at the ask price and sell at the bid price.

Currency charts help traders evaluate market behaviour, and help them determinewhere the currency will be in the future. Suppose you believe the euro is going to increase in value relative to your currency (let’s say dollar). To learn the price you need to pay, you check the price of a euro. Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors. We advise you to carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you based on your personal circumstances. We recommend that you seek independent advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading.

There are other important things you need to learn before you start trading Forex, though. The PivotPoints.All-in-One indicator is used on the chartThere are three categories that forex currency pairs usually fall into. Forex traders often make reference to pips when explaining how far the market moved on a particular day. A pip is a single digit move in the fourth decimal place of a forex quote but be aware of the exception in JPY quotes which is explained in our article, “What is a Pip? The fact of the matter is that when you are looking for currency pairs to trade, the thing that really can make a difference is your interests.

He’s been interviewed by Stocks & Commodities Magazine as a featured trader for the month and is mentioned weekly by Forex Factory next to publications from CNN and Bloomberg. Justin created Daily Price Action in 2014 and has since grown the monthly readership to over 100,000 Forex traders and has personally mentored more than 3,000 students. And if you aren’t familiar with these currency correlations, you can inadvertently double your risk. A currency pair’s correlation refers to the similarities shared by various pairings. These commonalities lead to both positive and negative associations.

how to read forex pairs

The difference between the bid and ask price is called a spread indicated by pips. Fundamental, technical, quantitative… There are a number of methods used by forex traders to predict the movements of currency pairs. Some traders focus on news, interest rates and economic variables while others prefer to usecharting toolsand indicators to guide their trading decisions. A forex quote is the price of one currency in terms of another currency. These quotes always involve currency pairs because you are buying one currency by selling another. For example, the price of one Euro may cost $1.1404 when viewing the EUR/USD currency pair.

Understanding the Economics of Cryptocurrencies

Before making any investment decisions, you should seek advice from independent financial advisors to ensure you understand the risks. The high and low price points are then represented by a thin line extending from the top and bottom of each bar – the “wick” of the candle. Indices come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from the most widely known S&P 500 , Dow Jones to the Nasdaq 100 , all the way to the FTSE, DAX, or NIKKEI Index. The quote currency or counter currency is the currency we are quoting against the base currency.

This is because they have the most liquidity, lowest spreads and the broadest range of movements. The economic and political institutions of these nations are generally long established and predictable compared to other nations. For the non-JPY quotes, the third and fourth figures after the decimal place represent pips.

  • The reason for this is that the US Dollar is a widely used currency for transactions all around the world.
  • While trading Forex, people are using different types of technical and fundamental analysis.
  • As for the major cryptocurrencies, there are really only a handful of “blue-chip” currencies that most major FX brokers and prop firms offer.
  • Why all majors don’t have the USD as their quote currency is something to know about but this is a very good start.

When you buy a currency pair, you buy the base currency, and sell the quote currency. The majority of the currency pairs are very much affected by the ongoing events in politics around the world, such as elections, for example. Recently, it was shown by the US’s Presidential Debate of 2020 that politics have a huge impact on the price of the currency of the country.

Understanding Forex Quote Basics

As we have already said, the Forex trading market stays open for 24 hours a day, 5 days a week, and the trading volume that the market sees is huge. As we have already said, when you are trading Forex, the currency that you are buying is called the base currency, and the one you are selling is called quoted currency. In general, understanding currency pairs and the concepts that we are talking about is not that hard, but there really is a lot that goes into it. Minor currency pairs are the ones that are made up of major currencies but don’t include USD.

The x-axis will show each day, week, or month that the line represents, while the y-axis will represent the closing prices. Each connecting point in the line represents the price at which a particular currency pair closed on that day. A line chart is by far the simplest of all forex charts out there. As you probably guessed, it is a basic line graph, one that only plots the closing price of a currency pair from one day to the next.

Quote currency

They have liquid markets where trading takes place 24 hours a day on all business days. AUD/USD The Australian dollar is Australia’s official currency. AUD’s value goes hand in hand with CAD’s, mainly due to the interdependent relationship between the two countries economies. Also, AUD’s value relies on the commodity market because the country exports considerable amounts of iron and coal. USD/CHF Traders who invest in this pair want to secure their assets during turmoil. CHF, to be precise, is regarded as a ‘safe-haven’ currency because it behaves like a hedge.

how to read forex pairs

Major pairs can be bought and sold in significantly large sizes without huge variances in their exchange rate. Some of the pairs with the highest liquidity are EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY, and others. On the other hand, there are other currency pairs that are low in liquidity. Thus, they cannot be bought or sold in significant sizes without large variances in their exchange rate. Courtesy This is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of one quoted against the other. The first currency listed in the forex pair is called the base currency while the second currency is called the quote currency.


This significant number shows that a huge majority of Forex traders prefer to use major currency pairs. There are two concepts that you might have to understand before you start trading Forex. The bid represents the buying price of a certain currency pair.

Minor Currency Pair

When buying a currency pair, investors purchase the base currency and sell the quoted currency. The bid price represents the amount of quote currency needed to receive one unit of the base currency. Investments involve risks and are not suitable for all investors. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 81% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.

Currency Pair

Last but not least, it’s important to remember that the relationship between the base and quote currency is always changing. So just because the EURUSD is rallying in the current session doesn’t mean it will be tomorrow or even one hour from now. The crosses are any currency pair that doesn’t feature the USD and they do not hold any less profit potential than mercatox review the majors. Too much US Dollar exposure can lead to all your trades heading in the same direction, a big problem if that direction is against you. Currencies are traded in pairs as their value is relative to one another. The pair system might seem daunting at first but it’s extremely simple – you will learn it the fastest on a real-time forex simulator.

Major currency pairs are made up of USD and one other major currency. The most traded currency pair, EUR/USD is actually interactive brokers forex review a major currency pair. To read and understand a forex quote, it helps to become familiar with the terminology.

This is my favorite part because now we get to dig into the various classifications of currency pairs. And later, I’ll uncover the pairs that are affected by changing commodity prices as well as a few of the safe haven currencies. And this is everything you need to know about how to read Forex currency pairs.

When you read a currency pair, you’ll always pit the base currency against the counter currency to determine the price. In Forex, currency pair is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of the one currency being quoted against the other. Currency pairs are comparing the value of a certain currency to another. The difference between the bid and the ask is calledthe spread. Contrary to what you may think when you begin exploring the forex market, a bid price is not the price you’ll bid when you want to buy a currency pair. You can also read the best strategy onhow to use currency strength for trading success.